The US Coal Industry in the Nineteenth Century

Woodworth, J. "The History and Conditions of Mining in the Richmond Coal-Basin, Virginia." Transactions of the American Institute of Mining Engineers 31 (1902): 477-484. Yearley, Clifton Enterprise and Anthracite: Economics and Democracy in Schuylkill County, 1820-1875. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1961.

The 1907 Monongah, West Virginia Mine Disaster | World History

Jul 05, 2022 · The Monongah Coal Mine Explodes. This was the memory of Carl Meredith, a Foreman on the the Fairmont Mine in West Virginia of the worst mining disaster in American history which happened at Monongah, West Virginia on December 6, 1907. Around 10:30 in the morning after a full contingent of 380 workers, both men and boys had begun their shift

These Photos Will Change the Way You Think About Race in

Mar 15, 2022 · "Coal miner's daughter doing the family wash. All the water must be carried from up the hill. Bertha Hill West Virginia. 1938." Photo by Marion Post Wolcott/Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Photograph Collection Library of Congress. "In the South or in the mine country, wherever you point the camera there is a picture.

Southern West Virginia Coal Mines : Visit Southern West

Coal Mines. Perhaps the biggest part of West Virginia heritage is our coal mining history, and in Southern West Virginia, you can experience it for yourself. Go underground with us and learn more about this rich part of our history.

Browsing West Virginia History OnView | WVU Libraries

IDNO: 003391 Title: Consolidation Coal Company Mine No. 32, Fairmont, W. Va. Description: Train engine and filled coal cars outside of the preparation plant at Mine

CDC - Mining - History of the Mining Program - NIOSH

The Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969: USBM Mission Extended to Other Mining Safety and Health Issues. The death of 78 miners in an explosion at Consolidation Coal's No. 9 Mine in Farmington, WV, caused Congress to pass the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969 (Public Law 91-173).

Where our coal comes from - Energy Information

Oct 19, 2022 · West Virginia is the largest coal-producing state in the region and the second-largest coal-producing state in the United States. Underground mines supplied 81% of the coal produced in the Appalachian region. Underground mines in the Appalachian region accounted for 58% of total underground coal mine production. Interior coal region

The lives of coal miners in the early 20th century

Coal mining today is a difficult and dangerous job, and it's also one in decline. In 2022, the coal industry employed under 83,000 people. But there was a time, not so long ago, that the coal industry numbered ten times that many workers.

The rise and demise of a West Virginia coal mine

Aug 05, 2022 · The Hobet mine was born in 1974 under a man named Fil Nutter – part of a West Virginia prospecting family that controlled a construction company, limestone pit

The Battle Of Blair Mountain And The Bloody History Of

Oct 30, 2022 · Specifically, the Battle of Blair Mountain was 10,000-15,000 West Virginian miners, many armed only with " squirrel-hunting rifles," against 3,000 coal company supporters, including local police, federal troops, and even a army bomber ("the only time in history that air power has been used against American civilians

Mining Tragedy And A Civil War Vet: The History Of Father

Jun 20, 2022 · The celebration in the small town of Monongah, West Virginia followed the worst coal mining disaster in American history. Some 360 men were killed on December 6, 1907, when two mines of the

The West Virginia Coal Mine Wars -

Nov 10, 2022 · The West Virginia Coal Mine Wars. The violence of the West Virginia coal-mining war of 1920-1921 reached a level unparalleled in US history. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth

West Virginia's mine wars, 1920-1921

Sep 02, 2022 · West Virginia fell far behind other major coal-producing states in regulating mining conditions. Between 1890 and 1912, West Virginia had a higher mine death rate than any other state. West Virginia was the site of numerous deadly coal mining accidents, including the nation's worst coal disaster.

XTF: Search Results -

Repository: West Virginia and Regional History Center. Published: unknown Subjects: Account books | Coal mining - coal companies. | Coal mining - Medical care. | Coal

Collections | West Virginia University Archivesspace

Scope and Contents Justus Collins [1857-1934] was an entrepreneur who opened his first coal mine in the Pocahontas- Flat Top coal field of Southern West Virginia, and thereafter operated mines in the New River, Tug River, and Winding Gulf coal fields. He headed a coal sales agency, speculated in coal and timber lands, headed a cement company, and was interested

The Rise and Fall of Coal in McDowell County, West Virginia

Jul 22, 2022 · During the 1980's the central Appalachian region lost more than 70,000 coal mining jobs. Between 1981 and 1992, according to the Department of Energy and the United Mine Workers union, coal mining employment in the state of West Virginia decreased by more than 53%.

Coal mining's long legacy of water pollution in West Virginia

Jan 13, 2022 · — The disastrous impact of mining on West Virginia's water resources goes back generations and could soon render much of the state's water undrinkable, activists and experts say. Officials on Monday started lifting the ban on tap water prompted by last week's chemical spill in the Elk River.

Coal Camps: Jewell Valley, Virginia - Abandoned

Mar 16, 2022 · By the 1920s, Ritter began expanding into coal mining, purchasing several coal companies and coking operations. By the early 1950s, Ritter averaged an annual production of five million tons of coal. In 1957, the company stores were sold, and the coal mines leased to the Island Creek Coal Company. 2 On October 1, 1960, the Ritter Lumber Company

When Miners Strike: West Virginia Coal Mining and Labor

Nov 29, 2022 · When Miners Strike: West Virginia Coal Mining and Labor History Bituminous coal mining spread throughout the newly formed state of West Virginia in the years following the Civil War. Coal was used to heat homes, generate cheap electricity, and produce steel; it was therefore important for a reunited country experiencing a second industrial

A Day in the Life of a West Virginia Coal Miner ‹ Literary Hub

Jan 25, 2022 · A strong, skilled coal loader might fill five or more cars in a day. In West Virginia's colliers, miners were paid 49 cents per ton of clean coal, compared with 76 cents in the unionized mines of Ohio. Under these terms, a hard worker could earn $ for ten to twelve hours of labor, if the work was steady.

Lesson Plan: Coal Camps and Mining Towns » American Coal

Explain that Pennsylvania was the largest coal mining state during the 19th and early 20th centuries, until West Virginia surpassed it in 1930. Wyoming has since surpassed West Virginia in mining productivity. In all three of these states, mining towns— known as coal patches or coal camps—were very common from the late 1800s to the early 1900s.

History-rich Nuttallburg tells story

Sep 13, 2022 · It is the most intact example of a coal-mining complex in West Virginia and is one of the most complete coal-related industrial sites in the United States, the park service says. In 1890, Nuttallburg had 342 residents in 110 company-owned houses stretching a half mile along the New River and up the sides of the gorge.

Life After Coal: The Decline and Rise of West Virginia

Aug 07, 2022 · A coal train moves through Thurmond, WV, once a prosperous coal mining town, now abandoned. Photo: kartografia via Flickr CC In the West Virginia coalfields — on the edge of which my aunt and uncle live, and where I spent holidays and vacations as a kid — the economic mood ranges from depressed to apocalyptic.

History of Illinois Coal Mines - Coal and Coal Mining by

The records of the early history of coal mining in Ilinois are very meager,As a coal producer it is outranked only by Pennsylvania and West Virginia. On the side of potential coal production it contains the largest commercial coal bearing area in the United States. To meet its fuel requirements it draws upon the resources of ten other

e-WV | African-American Coal Miners

Mar 22, 2022 · As the state's Black coal mining labor force declined, racial discrimination persisted in all facets of life. In 1961, according to the West Virginia Human Rights Commission, most of the state's public accommodations—restaurants, motels, hotels, swimming pools, and medical facilities—discriminated against Blacks.

The Violent Remaking of Appalachia - The Atlantic

Mar 21, 2022 · Central Appalachia's history is the story of coal. At its peak in the mid-20 th century, mining employed more than 150,000 people in West Virginia alone, mostly in the state's otherwise poor

History of Coal Mining in West Virginia | Baptist

Jan 05, 2022 · While, for example, coal mining continues to be the largest financial contributor to the economy of West Virginia, poverty in the coalfields remains a daily and depressing reality. The third group is the profession group.

History of coal mining | Cram

The Mining Industry In Upton Sinclair's King Coal. As a book told in the fiction context, King Coal by Upton Sinclair describes the gruesome, harsh reality of working in the coal industry in the 1910 from mining issues such as the hopes of getting a job in the industry of coal in the western states of the United States, the harsh mining conditions, and miners being taken advantage of by

Coal Mining Heritage in West Virginia - West Virginia Explorer

Shipment of coal from the coalfields of West Virginia first to outside markets first began in the 1830s, but the development of the state's untapped coalfields did not begin in earnest after the Civil War. By 1911, West Virginia had achieved the rank of second in bituminous coal production in the United States, and in 1917, it was the largest producing state.

Coal Mining Fatality Statistics: 1900-2022

Department of Labor | Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) | 201 12th Street S, Suite 401 | Arlington, VA 22202-5450 | TTY | 202-693-9400

The Buried History of West Virginia's Coal Wars | The

Sep 03, 2022 · Steele is a board member and co-founder of the West Virginia Mine Wars Museum, a humble collection of artifacts and displays in Matewan, West Virginia. The museum is one of the only surviving testaments to the struggles of the state's coal miners in the early 20 th century – a labor story that Wilma believes more people ought to know.

Office of Abandoned Mine Lands and Reclamation

Overview and History. The Office of Abandoned Mine Lands & Reclamation of West Virginia oversees and facilitates the resolving of public safety issues as mine fires & subsidence, hazardous highwalls, mining-impacted water supplies, open shafts and portals, and other dangers resulting from mining before 1977. Such practices were established by the Surface

Watch The Mine Wars | American Experience | Official Site

Just 20,000 worked the mines in West Virginia, but the coal operators there, propelled by a state government hungry for revenue from its biggest industry, had embarked on

The 100-year capitalist experiment that keeps Appalachia

Dec 30, 2022 · The first time Nick Mullins entered Deep Mine 26, a coal mine in southwestern Virginia, the irony hit him hard. Once, his ancestors had owned the coal-seamed cavern that he was now descending into

Monongah mining disaster of 1907 | explosion, Monongah

Nov 29, 2022 · Monongah mining disaster of 1907, deadly mining explosion on Dec. 6, 1907, in Monongah,, that killed more than 350 The West Virginia coal mine that was the site of the disaster had an extensive maze of underground tunnels. About 10:00 am on December 6, an underground explosion occurred in one section, with a larger blast following in

fairmont / Topical Subjects: Coal Mines and Mining--Mine

Street Morgue After Monongah Mine Disaster Date: 1907/12/12 Description: Caskets line the street which served as a makeshift morgue for the miners killed in the explosion at the Fairmont Coal Company Monongah Mines. Note: image is taken from the original print donated to the West Virginia Collection.

Coal Mining History - Abandoned Mine: Coalwood, West Virginia

Mining has brought a lot of revenue into the city of Coalwood. Ever since they founded Coalwood, they have been a single-occupation town. The mine in Coalwood can produce a lot of coal, and can transfer to all other parts of the country who need coal, making it important for not only Coalwood's economy, but also for the country's need of coal.

6 things you didn't know about WV's coal heritage - Almost

Jul 21, 2022 · 5. Famous Industrialists Dominated West Virginia Coal Production. The rise of industrial capitalism in the late 1800s was deeply tied to West Virginia coal, and most of the heavy hitters had a hand in this. Morgan and Andrew Carnegie bought coal mines for vertical integration– the practice of owning every step of the industrial process.

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